2001 attack on Indian Parliament marks 18 years

2001 attack on Indian Parliament marks 18 years

NEW DELHI: In 2001 India’s parliament was attacked by a group of armed terrorists on December 13. On Sunday, as India marked 18 years of that unholy day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to the martyrs who laid their lives fighting for the country.
“We will never forget the cowardly attack on our Parliament on this day in 2001. We recall the valour and sacrifice of those who lost their lives protecting our Parliament. India will always be thankful to them,” PM Modi said in a tweet.
President Ram Nath Kovind too took to Twitter and said the nation gratefully remembers brave martyrs who laid down their lives defending Parliament on this day in 2001. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said that the country will always remember the valour of the security personnel.
What had happened

  • Terrorists had entered the parliament complex in a car that had forged a home ministry pass using a fake identity sticker.
  • Both the houses of the parliament were adjourned 40 minutes before the terror attack started.
  • At the time of the attack, several MPs, ministers, officials and other staff members had not left the parliament complex
  • There were about 100 members of parliament in the building at the time of the attack, although no one was hurt.
  • The terrorists carried AK47 rifles, grenade launchers, pistols and grenades.
  • A gunfight between security personnel and the terrorists ensued which lasted for more than 30 minutes in the parliament complex.
  • The terrorists could not enter the parliament building.
  • All five terrorists were killed outside the parliament.

How many died

  • In total nine people died in the terror attack
  • Eight security personnel and,
  • A gardener
  • At least 22 people were injured in the attack.

Who attacked India’s parliament?

  • The Indian Parliament was attacked by Pakistan-based Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) and Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) who had trained the five terrorists for the planned attack.
  • As per the Delhi Police investigation, the names of the five terrorists were: Hamza, Haider alias Tufail, Rana, Ranvijay and Mohammed.
  • Further investigation identified their Indian as associates as Mohammad Afzal Guru, a former JKLF militant who had surrendered in 1994; his cousin Shaukat Husain Guru, Shaukat’s wife Afsan Guru and S A R Geelani, a lecturer of Arabic at Delhi University.
  • All four of these associates were arrested and were tried in a court.
  • While Afsan Guru was sentenced to undergo rigorous imprisonment for five years and to pay a fine, death sentences were imposed on the other three accused.
  • Afzal Guru was hanged on 9 February 2013.

(With inputs from agencies)

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